Internal Faculty Fellows Archives

2016-2017 | 2015-2016 | 2014-2015 | 2013-20142012-20132011-2012 | 2010-2011 | 2009-2010 | 2008-2009 | 2007-2008 | 2006-2007 | 2005-2006 | 2004-2005 | 2003-2004 | 2002-2003

Back to top

Academic Year 2016-2017

blantonCarlos Blanton, Associate Professor of History, will work on a project titled, “Between Black and White: The Chicana/o in the American Mind.” This project is a history of how Chicana/o peoples were understood in American intellectual thought from the early nineteenth century through the late twentieth century. Unlike other minorities in the United States, not much academic discourse over Chicana/o history exists. Professor Blanton analyzes four discrete intellectual discourses in U.S. history: 1) a slavery discourse (1840s-1850s) among policy makers and race theorists over the “All Mexico” and filibustering questions during and after the U.S.-Mexico War; 2) a restriction discourse (1890s-1920s) from medical and anthropological scholars focused on immigration; 3) a segregation discourse (1910s-1940s) of educators and psychometricians concerned with school policy; and 4) an assimilation discourse (1930s-1970s) among social scientists interested in culture from an environmentalist perspective. In this project Blanton asks several questions. How have U.S. intellectuals viewed the Chicana/o population in different periods of the nation’s history? To what extent were those ideas connected to contemporary political and cultural debates? To what degree did each discourse build upon older discourses? And how have Chicana/o peoples (or scholars sympathetic to them) contested or modified these notions? Through these questions, Blanton hopes to provide a new intellectual genealogy of racism in the U.S. that goes beyond the Black-White binary. Blanton aims to submit a journal article and a book proposal based on this research.

Anat GevaAnat Geva, Professor of Architecture, will work on a project titled, “Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Architectural Expression: The Case of Modern American Synagogues (1950s-1960s).” The objective of this research is to investigate in depth Mid-Century modern American synagogues that were designed by prominent architects of the 1950s-1960s. The aim is to show to what extent these designs expressed American values of freedom of religion and innovations in aesthetics as well as evolving building technology. Following World War II, there are observable indicators of re-conceptualization in the construction and design of houses of worship in America. Eric Mendelsohn’s article “In the Spirit of our Age” (1947) and his synagogue designs were among the first to reflect this desire. Influenced by Mendelsohn, other prominent architects ventured to bridge modernism and Judaism in their designs of the American synagogue and to link the building to the American landscape and values. These changes reflect perceptions of religious freedom and tolerance as well as influences of the modern architecture movement and innovation in building technology. The case of mid-century modern American synagogues exemplifies how prominent architects of the era embraced these changes to express American values and modernism.

SumpterRandall Sumpter, Associate Professor of Communication, will work on a project titled, “Journalism Tradecraft: Writing the Rule Book in the Gilded Age.” This book project offers a new explanation for how the rules for news work were standardized during the last decades of the nineteenth century. Editors and publishers responded to the technical developments and economic conditions by employing poorly paid, inexperience reporters, who would find it easier to produce stories if taught some standardized steps. Professor Sumpter’s research will (a) review these emerging work standards, (b) explain how knowledge brokers (highly experienced reporters and editors with considerable job mobility) spread the standards through communities of journalistic practice (equivalent to a daily paper’s newsroom), (c) show how the same communities developed parallel standards for rule breaking to mitigate abusive employment practices in the absence of a unionized work force, and (d) conclude by examining how new media and new competition at the start of the twenty-first century once more triggered rule writing in an effort to redefine news and the standards for collecting and presenting it. This project represents the first time that the knowledge broker/communities of practice explanation has been used to model the dissemination of news work standards in the late nineteenth century. It also challenges progressive theoretician’s assumptions about the evolution of journalism as a profession.

Nathan Bracher, Professor of International Studies, will work on a project titled, “Ethics and Aesthetics of the World War II Past in the Contemporary French Film and Novel.” This project is an extension of Professor Bracher’s research on the history and memory of France’s twentieth century experience of World War II and the Holocaust. It will focus on a recent series of prominent films and best-selling books that approach the traumatic wartime past in a highly personal mode, thus intertwining the search for family roots, personal identity, and historical meaning. At the same time, these popular cinematic and literary works bring a distinctly twenty-first century perspective to their exploration of the past, and therefore propose a paradigm for defining the present. Plunging back into World War II and the Holocaust, the film Les Heritiers and novels Charlottel and Le Principe link the quandaries of the narrators to those of their protagonists, raising crucial questions of ethics and aesthetics. These twenty-first century works have much to reveal about contemporary society and current developments in historiography. While the notion of a teleologically structured force leading to progress has been widely discredited, these works show culture and private life all the more invested with the presence of the past.

Back to top

Academic Year 2015-2016

Morris-bioTheresa Morris, Associate Professor of Sociology, will work on a project titled, “Delivering Obamacare: Obstetrical Nursing, Patient Care, and Emotional Labor under the Affordable Care Act.” This project is an interpretive study of the changing nature of interactions, communications, and relationships between nurses and patients in an obstetrical unit of a non-profit community hospital in Connecticut. Like many hospitals, since enactment of the ACA, this hospital has been undergoing rapid organizational change. As mentioned above, the ACA has wide ranging effects on hospitals. For example, in this hospital, a new obstetrical group will begin deliveries at the hospital in March 2015, increasing the annual volume of deliveries by 30 or 25 percent. This analysis contributes to Dr. Morris’ research field because there has yet to be a study on how the ACA has affected the qualitative relationships between nurses and patients. Most research to date examines the impact of the ACA on hospital costs and efficiency. In contrast, this project focuses on nurses’ emotional care of patients in the birthing process and the negotiated meaning of care resulting from changing organizational contexts.

31p9eSq7sqL._UX250_Larry J. Reynolds, Professor of English, will work on a project titled, “Artful History: The Capture of Major André.” This book manuscript will explore the intersection of history, politics, and art in the shaping of the American experience in the early United States. In particular, this project focuses on an iconic event of the Revolutionary War, the October 1780 capture of the British spy Major John André by three American militiamen, who founds the plan to West Point in his boots and foiled Benedict Arnold’s infamous Highland Treason. Throughout the nineteenth century, writers, artists, and historians were drawn to this case as a bellwether for the American experiment in democracy, with its contexts for national identity, its conflicts over class distinctions, and its debates about the “dangerous classes.” Situated at that pivotal moment when two opposing notions of class identity and human worth informed the national imaginary, the representations of André’s capture persistently exposed the difficult struggle of American democracy to establish itself amid the influential systems of value André so dramatically embodied.

kevincrismanKevin J. Crisman, Associate Professor of Anthropology, will work on a project titled, “The Archaeology of North American Steamboats, 1807-1850.” The creation of practical engines, which could burn fuels and propel vessels across the water, was one of history’s greatest benchmarks. Indeed, it was the beginning of our modern age of globe-spanning transportation systems systems. For the first time ever, humans could rely on mechanical power to transport them over great distances, with speed and punctuality, regardless of winds or currents. Fortunately, a material record of early steam navigation was preserved in the form of steamboats accidentally sunk or intentionally abandoned beneath lakes, rivers, and coastal waters. In addition, a wealth of new information on the development of steam propulsion has been generated by archaeological research, but too much of it languishes in obscure journal articles, excavation reports, theses, and dissertations. Recognizing the need for a publication that combines, examines, and shares discoveries about maritime steam, Dr. Crisman and his co-editor Dr. George Schwarz have embarked upon this major contributed book project, which will include detailed plans and descriptions of vessel and machinery finds, and more importantly, analyses of the technological and social trends which guided the course of North American steam navigation between 1807 and 1850.

campbellHeidi A. Campbell, Associate Professor of Communication, will work on a project titled, “Negotiating Religious Authority in Digital Culture and its Implications for Religious Institutions.” Drawing upon previous research on religious authority and blogging, Dr. Campbell argues the need to uncover the exact challenges that the Internet raises for religious groups by separately studying authority roles, structures, beliefs, and texts online. This project will show how the Internet allows new actors, structures, and discourses of interpretation to emerge via digital platforms and shape offline religious institutions. Through case studies and theoretical reflection, this project will outline the negotiations between online and “traditional” offline religious leaders and systems.

s200_kristi.sweetKristi Sweet, Associate Professor of Philosophy, will work on a project titled, “In the Territory of Judgment: Kant on Beauty.” This book will offer an examination of the myriad ways that Kant’s Critique of Judgment provides insight into the possibility of bringing about a world as it ought to be, as well as be the first text in the Anglo-American literature to bring Kant’s practical concerns to bear on his Critique of Judgment so systematically. A principal theme of the project that forwards this end is the relation of truth, beauty, and goodness. In opposing freedom and nature as he does, Kant is rightly aligned with the modern dissociation of the classical union of these concepts.  In seeking to reestablish a bridge between freedom and nature, Kant realigns truth, beauty, and goodness into innovative and interesting reconfigurements. The book will trace these various reconfigurements through Kant’s analyses of natural beauty, artistic beauty, genius, the sublime, the ideal of beauty, organicism, and the concept of life.

Back to top

Academic Year 2014-2015

Olga Dror is an associate professor in the Department of History. While in residence during the spring 2015 semester, Professor Dror will work on her monograph Raising Vietnamese: Youth Identities in North and South Vietnam during the War (1965-1975). This book considers the war-time problem of preserving Vietnamese identity in a new generation in a country flooded not only with foreign soldiers but also with foreign culture. It also poses a broader question about the importance of identifying who or what was considered an enemy of the Vietnamese. While youth are important for any society, their often unacknowledged role increases when a society is under stress, as it is through their participation in the present that the future is made. Consequently, bringing children into historical analysis is a way to understand what is most important in how adults think of the possibilities of their own lives. Professor Dror’s examination of youth identities during war time Vietnam will fill a significant gap in the pre-existing literature, offering new perspectives on the impact of American culture and the war on Vietnamese national identity.

Susan Egenolf is an associate professor in the Department of English. During her fall 2014 semester residence, Professor Egenolf will complete her monograph Josiah Wedgwood and the Cultivation of Romantic Taste. This book examines the contributions of Josiah Wedgwood, a master potter and entrepreneur, to the construction of late-eighteenth century and early nineteenth century aesthetics, and it argues that Wedgwood’s wares and his methods of marketing them influence the rise of neo-classicism and notions of the picturesque in British literature and art. The argument of this project depends heavily on illuminating the cultural and political contexts of Wedgwood’s life and work by uncovering specific historical details and artifacts related to that work, and this interdisciplinary study employs aesthetic theory, thing theory, gift theory, and art history to frame that argument. In the field of eighteenth century studies, this book will be the first extended study of the symbiotic relationship between Wedgwood’s methods and products and the literary productions of the late eighteen century.

Linda Radzik is a professor in the Department of Philosophy. During her spring 2015 semester residence at the Glasscock Center, Professor Radzik will finish her monograph, titled Moral Bystanders: On the Social Enforcement of Morality, which focuses on a common set of moral problems in order to explore deeper issues about the nature of responsibility and the meaning of community. The problem centers around a particular character—the moral bystander—who witnesses a wrongful act. While the moral bystander judges the act to be wrong, she is neither the perpetrator nor the victim, and she has no authority with regard to the situation. What should she do? What is she permitted to do? What might she be required to do? Using the standard methodology of analytic moral theory, Professor’s Radzik’s work poses a challenge to prevailing views about moral responsibility, and suggests that many of our practices for holding one another responsible are neither well understood nor justified. By considering the justification of informal, social forms of punishment and systematically addressing the role played by third parties to conflicts, this book will contribute in new ways to the literature on the issues that arise in the aftermath of wrongdoing.

Shelley Wachsmann is a professor in the Department of Anthropology. While in residence in the spring 2015 semester, Professor Wachsmann will continue researching and editing a book-length final excavation report on his work at Tantura Lagoon, Israel. This site and its surroundings have been inhabited almost continually for the past 4,000 years, and it has proven to be an ideal environment for shipwreck archaeology of the ancient world. The report, titled Dor/Tantura Lagoon: The Ancient & Medieval History of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea Written in Shipwrecks, will detail the findings of three extensive seasons of underwater exploration in Tantura Lagoon. The book-length report is envisioned as an innovative hybrid excavation report that will include a book linked to an open-access companion website allowing readers to explore the wrecks and artifacts in situ on their computers. This book will contribute significantly to our knowledge of Mediterranean history and archaeology, particularly during the critical period of the mid-first millennium AD

Back to top

Academic Year 2013-2014

harrisStefanie Harris, associate professor in the Department of International Studies, will work on her book Developing Stories: Photography in Postwar German Fiction during her fall 2013 residency at the Glasscock Center. This project examines the depiction of photography and photographic practices in German and Austrian literature to show the interrelation of media practices, literary aesthetics, and the representation of social and individual memory. Following a theoretical introduction, the book is structured chronologically, grouping authors according to the privileged site of the photographic triad: the subject of the photograph, the photographer, and the viewer of the photograph. Rather than a survey of post-war fiction that takes up photography thematically, the temporal framework Harris employs serves to situate the aesthetic, formal, and theoretical concerns of successive generations of writers within specific socio-political contexts. The project engages critical questions defining the field of contemporary German studies: the construction of personal and national identity, the problem of historiography, and the relationship between literature and other media. Although these areas are usually explored individually, Professor Harris’ work shows how these questions are in fact intimately connected. Although the book will focus almost exclusively on German and Austrian fiction of the postwar era, this interdisciplinary study will make a significant contribution to understanding how images shape cultural awareness and the narrative construction of social histories and national identity.

nancykleinNancy Klein, associate professor in the Department of Architecture, conducts research on “Sacred Architecture on the Acropolis of Athens” during her residency in spring 2014. Her research project examines the pre-classical architecture of the Acropolis of Athens, Greece, and its role in defining religious identity and constructed memory both in the past and present. Our modern view of the Acropolis is focused on the temple of Athena Parthenos, built under the leadership of the Athenian statesman Pericles in the fifth century BC. In the early nineteenth century AD, the fledgling country of Greece devoted itself to establishing a national identity that reflected its classical heritage. The Acropolis of Athens was central to this vision and became a symbol of the birthplace of democracy and the humanistic arts. This constructed identity served Greece; however, it also eclipses thousands of years of human activity before and after the Parthenon. In the nineteenth century, efforts to free the classical monuments of the Acropolis from the overburden of later history saw the removal of many post-classical buildings and an excavation from modern ground levels to bedrock, which also resulted in the discovery of thousands of fragments of architecture, sculpture, pottery, and small finds from the early history of the Acropolis. Although earlier scholars examined architectural elements and assigned them to distinct structures, they published a small percentage of the extant elements, illustrated even fewer, and rarely considered larger questions about architecture and social identity. Dr. Klein has examined hundreds of blocks and fragments and made detailed observations on the characteristics of each one, which allows her to answer questions not only about individual buildings, but also about the development of monumental architecture in the service of religious faith and the history of the sanctuary on the Acropolis. Klein’s preliminary conclusions indicate that the rebuilding of the Acropolis by Pericles was also an expression of constructed memory. The classical replacements of damaged or redundant buildings can be seen as “counter-iconoclasm” because they supplanted the standing ruins, they replaced what was no longer completely present, and ultimately suppressed the memory of the damage done to the sanctuary. But the display of architectural elements from temples destroyed by the Persians in the north wall of the Acropolis overlooking the city was intended to serve as “the imprint or drawing in us of things felt,” a definition of memory offered by Aristotle, and as a rallying point for prosecuting the war against the Persians and subsequently rebuilding the Acropolis.

brianlinnBrian McAllister Linn is a professor in the Department of History. He will be in residence at the Glasscock Center during the fall 2013 semester.  Professor Linn will pursue the research topic “From Davy Crockett to GI Blues: Elvis Meets the Atomic Army,” culminating in the first scholarly monograph on the US Army’s social and military “transformation” in the early Cold War. The book, Elvis’s Army: Creating the Atomic Soldier, under contract with Harvard University Press, connects traditional military history with the humanities’ focus on social-cultural factors, while exploring two major questions. The first is how the Army responded to the post-World War II national defense environment, and in particular to the challenges of nuclear weapons, international commitments, personnel turbulence, and the Soviet military threat. The second question is why and how the Army became the “school of the nation,” teaching not only military skills, but also providing educational and technical skills that would improve GI’s lives once they left the service. Elvis Presley’s life provides a prime example through which to interrogate these questions, as he personified both military and social transformation processes. Professor Linn’s research is an innovative and unique effort to combine military and social history that will have important implications for both fields.

wendymooreWendy Leo Moore is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology. She will be in residence during the spring 2014 semester. Professor Moore will examine the premise of a post-civil rights formal equality, the emergence of a radically transformed legal structure. The still-existing deep structural racial inequality present in the United States has sparked a multitude of discussions and debates, all underpinned by one consistent theme: the post-civil rights era is a new legal era characterized by “formal legal equality.” This ideology suggests that legal changes occurring in the late 1950s and 1960s fundamentally transformed the United States legal structure—altering it from one that legally sanctioned racial inequality to one that provided equality under the law for all individuals regardless of race. Through a critical discourse and frame analysis of the Supreme Court’s case law on race and racial (in)equality, Moore’s work examines the racialized narratives and legal frames of the Court in connection to structural racial inequality. Informed by both the theoretical interventions in race scholarship and methods of critical discourse analysis emerging from the work of social theorist Michel Foucault, her method of analysis connects race discourse and the racial structure. Her research illuminates the process by which the United States Supreme Court has facilitated the legal maintenance of white domination. Interdisciplinary in character, this research combines critical race theory, literary theory, critical legal studies and social scientific research on racial hierarchy to illuminate the process of what legal scholar Kimberle Crenshaw has called racial retrenchment in the post-civil rights era. Through this process Moore both challenges contemporary assumptions about formal legal equality and provides a new frame for interrogating the role of law in the reproduction of racial inequality in a democratic society.

Back to top

Academic Year 2012-2013

Joseph Oscar Jewell is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology. He was in residence at the Glasscock Center during the fall 2012 semester. Professor Jewell pursued the research topic “Troubling Gentility: Race and Middle Class Identity in Late Nineteenth Century America.” He studied the ways in which minority races encountered, negotiated, and contested the inscription of whiteness into middle-class identity. His study centered around three populations: blacks in New Orleans, Louisiana, Mexican Americans in San Antonio, Texas, and Chinese Americans in San Francisco, California. He conducted research using a cultural analysis of documentary sources, including census data, tax digests, city directories, and private documents. His research into the formation and defense of middle-class identity will be presented in a book and will form a more complete picture of the American middle-class.

Daniel Conway, professor in the Department of Philosophy and Humanities examined the ways in which the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard critiques modernity in his book Fear and Trembling. This book was published under the pseudonym “Johannes de silentio,” and Professor Conway shows that Johannes embodies a psychological type that Kierkegaard associates with a bourgeois culture (that is, the limiting of spiritual flourishing to attain an advantage over others), while he claims to lead a spiritually rewarding existence. The dual role of Johannes allows him to embody the limitations of any attempt to mount a rational or systematic response to the spiritual crisis that impends late modern European culture. Conway investigated this through the use of archival materials, journal articles, and scholarly books, with the goal to present his findings in book form. His research explains Kirkegaard’s reason for the use of a pseudonym as well as the first comprehensive account of the structure of Fear and Trembling, and interpretation of the religious, psychological, and social facets of Kierkegaard’s critique of modernity. Conway held his fellowship during the spring 2013 semester.

Donnalee Dox is an associate professor in the Department of Performance Studies. She was in residence during the spring 2013 semester. During her fellowship, Professor Dox worked toward writing a book-length study entitled Contemplative Practices and the Problem of an ‘Inner Life’ that discusses the ways in which people cultivate a sense of an inner life through the adaptation of biological processes, and the meaning of this cultivation. She claims that this cultivation of an inner life increases the capacity for mental flexibility, allowing people to adapt to socially unstable conditions. This cultivation through contemplative practices allow a person to strengthen their tolerance for silence and solitude, necessary for negotiating the demands of modern culture and is biological and socially necessary. She conducted her research by synthesizing descriptions of interiority from contemplative practices, cultural resources drawn on to cultivate the ‘inner life,’ and physiological parallels to the sense of an ‘inner life,’ and combining this practical research with current research on the workings of human physiology. Her findings were presented as a 30-page article on yogic meditation, revealing the interplay between people’s neurological systems and culture through yoga. Her research contributes to the fields of lived religion, contemplative studies, and the philosophy of mind and self.

Harland Prechel, professor in the Department of Sociology, conducts research on “Political Capitalism: The 2008 Financial Crisis and the Great Recession” and was in residency in the spring of 2013. He uses historical documents, such as Congressional Records and public and corporate documents allowing him to pursue his topics through three interrelated questions. In his book, he intends to use these documents to determine if elected officials acted autonomously in order to change public policies, or if they were pressured by groups outside of the government to change their policies. Professor Prechel considered these changes permitted corporate cultures and structures to emerge that and allow managers to manipulate finances, deceive agencies, and mislead the public, and to what extent were the action of these corporations legal. His research contributes to the field of economic sociology, and his examination of how the economy is embedded in cultural and political arrangements that vary over time will allow scholars and political activists to understand the underlying causes of the economic crisis. This information will allow the formulation of policies that facilitate stable capitalist growth and development while protecting the public’s interest.

Back to top

Academic Year 2011-2012

The 2011-2012 Internal Faculty Fellows will be resident in the Glasscock Center in spring 2012, pursuing scholarly projects under the theme “Sustenance.” “Sustenance” will be considered across a wide range of disciplines including literature, art, and music, as well as health, well-being, and spirituality. The theme allows, for example, for exploration of philosophical approaches to sustaining life or culture, social or ethical issues of sustainability, historical conditions that prompt new technologies of sustenance, and sustaining the life of the mind in a digital world.

Marian Eide is associate professor in for the Department of English and in the Women’s and Gender Studies Program. Professor Eide will pursue the research topic “Famine Memory: Contemporary Irish Poetry and the Record of Hunger.” She studies “Famine Memory” in Ireland as evidenced through contemporary writing, especially Irish poetry. Begun by a natural disaster, the Irish Famine has been subsequently labeled as political in light of the questionable policies of the era. This and other views have been expressed in Irish literature, which Eide will explore. She plans to submit her project as an article in prestigious journal in poetics or contemporary Irish culture. Her research will be cross-disciplinary in nature, covering poetics, visual rhetoric, history, and cultural theory. Eide’s research will indicate the shift in the literary production in Ireland and will show the pervasiveness and sustenance of “Famine memory” in the culture even today.

Verónica Loureiro-Rodríguez, assistant professor in Hispanic Studies, examines how the recent phenomenon of rap in Galician (a minority language spoken in northwestern Spain) has contributed to sustenance of the local identity, especially through the youth of the area. Through her research topic, “Rapping in Galician: How a Global Sound Can Sustain a Local Language,” professor Loureiro-Rodríguez’s argues that Galician rappers embody resistance, both of the stigmatized status of Galician as non-standard, and of the resistance of Galician as simply Spanish in culture. She will produce two journal articles, as well as two presentations at both national and international conferences.  Along term goal is a volume on non-African American rap in areas where Spanish is the majority or minority language.

Susan Stabile, associate professor of English and director of the American Studies Program, will finish writing her monograph, Salvage, which is a collection of autobiographical non-fiction essays about things that are able to be recycled through what she calls the “redemptive aesthetics of waste.” This memoir is a bricolage of essays that reintroduces the practice of “collecting” in the bounds of the more contemporary concern of “sustainability.” Professor Stabile used her research in material culture, historic preservation, and literary studies to create Salvage to lend value to the useless and to examine what she considers the less familiar practices of everyday salvage.

Cara Wallis, assistant professor in the Department of Communication, will pursue the research topic “New Media Technologies in China’s ‘New, Socialist Countryside:’ Techno-Sustenance and the Possibilities for Social Transformation.” Professor Wallis will focus her research on ethnographic studies of young rural residents (16-25 year of age) in contemporary China. She seeks to further our understanding of how technology can provide sustenance through the medium of rural Chinese people who are recent recipients of technology such as mobile phones and Internet access, as well as those who have participated in labor migration to urban areas and returned to their rural homes. She aims to define how these new media technologies are integrated into the existing social practices found in rural China.

Back to top

Academic Year 2010-2011

The 2010-2011 pursued scholarly projects under the theme “Sustenance.” The theme allowed, for example, for exploration of philosophical approaches to sustaining life or culture, social or ethical issues of sustainability, historical conditions that prompt new technologies of sustenance, and sustaining the life of the mind in a digital world.

Cynthia Bouton, associate professor in the Department of History, examined the production, consumption, circulation of grains and other primary food sources in the Atlantic world during the eighteenth century and revolutionary era in her project, “Subsistence, Society, and Culture in the Atlantic World in the 18th Century and Age of Revolution.” Professor Bouton explored how these dietary staples functioned – as nutrition, as carriers of meaning, as factors initiating, sustaining, and fracturing social relations (gender, ethnic, racial, class/status, generational), as markers of social identities, as commodities at local, regional, imperial, and trans-imperial levels, as sites of struggle for survival, and as vehicles for political debates over recognition, justice, and rights.

Robert Garcia, assistant professor in the Department of Philosophy, examined “Environmental Holism and Sustenance” during his residence at the Glasscock Center. Professor Garcia worked on a book manuscript in which he examines certain views in environmental ethics from the perspective of contemporary analytic metaphysics. He has been especially interested in the ontological commitments and ethical significance of environmental holism, a view which calls for a radical revision of how many of us think about our own moral value relative to the value of the ecosystem itself and/or its other members, both biotic and abiotic.

Gary Varner, professor in the Department of Philosophy, worked on the project, “Envisioning Humane, Sustainable Communities.” He is author of the forthcoming book Sustaining Animals: Envisioning Humane, Sustainable Communities. Professor Varner develops a philosophical framework for assessing sustainability from an animal welfare perspective and applies it to four different ways in which animals sustain and are sustained by humans: in agriculture, as pets and working animals, through wildlife management, and in scientific research. Varner emphasizes how economic, technological, and cultural changes affect standards for “humane” sustainability in laws and codes of professional ethics.

Cynthia Werner, associate professor in the Department of Anthropology, examined “Modern Technologies, Global Food Systems, and Narratives of Food Safety in Central Asia and Beyond.” Professor Werner has been working on a book manuscript and a journal article. Her project explored how local understandings of food safety and food quality are mediated by cultural values and by “expert” opinions (including those of medical doctors and scientists) within several different settings (Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and the United States). These cases are placed within a broader, global framework in which modern technologies and global food systems are changing the way people around the world think about their food and the way they interpret scientific knowledge about food safety.

Back to top

2009-2010 Academic Year

The 2009-2010 fellows pursued scholarly projects under the theme “Journeys.” This theme allowed explorations of everything from space exploration to border crossings, quest myths to cinematic travelogues, farewell rituals to forced marches, dioramas to guide books and travel diaries, and more.

David McWhirter, Associate Professor in the Department of English, worked on a book-length study of Eudora Welty (1909-2001), “‘Part of Some Larger Continuity’: Welty’s Journeys.” His research examined the multiple narrative, discursive, and symbolic functions of travel in Welty’s fiction (1909-2001). This chapter explored how representations of travel function in Welty’s texts as alternative discourses of women’s history and desire, as sites for rethinking the meaning of “home,” and as opportunities to reconceptualize long-standard approaches to “the south” and to regionalism more generally.

Nancy Plankey Videla, Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology, pursued the question “Can there be a feminist ethnography?”  in her project “Learning from the Past, Looking towards the Future: Feminist Ethnography and the Issue of Consent.” She contemplated her time spent in a garment firm in Mexico and explored questions such as what does consent mean in shifting relational contexts; can ethnography be ethical and/or feminist; and can critical ethnography become politically engaged in support of disadvantaged groups?

Neha Vora, Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology and the Women’s and Gender Studies Program, explored the negotiations and challenges that accompany the journeys of American universities into the Gulf Arab States, a trend that has taken off in the past few years. She investigated forms of identification and citizenship—local, global, religious, and gendered—that emerge in the classrooms of these universities, and the unique dialogues developed by students and faculty members engaged in the “Arab/American university” experience.

Rebecca Hartkopf Schloss, Assistant Professor in the Department of History, continued work on France at the Edges: Life in France’s Atlantic Port Cities, 1760-1830, a project that explored connections among the French Caribbean (including French Guiana), French North America, continental France, and French West Africa during the so-called Age of Empire. She focused on shifts in administrative personnel, in volume of trade, and in port demographics around the Atlantic rim (Saint Pierre, Martinique; New Orleans, Louisiana; Cayenne, French Guiana; Bordeaux, France, and Saint-Louis/Gorée, Senegal).

Back to top

2008-2009 Academic Year

The 2008-2009 fellows pursued scholarly projects under the theme “Journeys.” This theme allowed explorations of everything from space exploration to border crossings, quest myths to cinematic travelogues, farewell rituals to forced marches, dioramas to guide books and travel diaries – and much else besides.

Leah DeVun, Assistant Professor in the Department of History, focused on understandings of intersex from the 12th-15th centuries, a critical period for the formation of ideas about intersex as well as the establishment of professionalized fields such as medicine, surgery, and law. By drawing upon interdisciplinary scholarship and previously unpublished medieval texts, her study offered a new perspective on the cultural history of sex and examines how categories of biological sex have been mediated by cultural concerns in the past.

April Lee Hatfield, Associate Professor in the Department of History, scrutinized the different cultural, legal, and political meanings of the spaces (sea and land) separating Spanish and English settlements in the western Caribbean and southeastern North America between 1584 and 1748. She studied how legal and geographic distinctions made the mainland and Caribbean borders functioned differently and shaped the experiences of those who moved between empires and the relations between empires.

Claire Katz, Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Women’s Studies Program, examined the dominant Platonic model of education that governs the history of Western philosophy and problematized its underlying message as paradoxical. While arguing that the influential models of contemporary “civic” education reinscribe the Platonic view of education, she contended that a more promising alternative to the modern subject and the acquisition of knowledge is found within the Jewish philosophy of education.

Robert R. Shandley, Associate Professor in the Department of European and Classical Languages and Culture, concentrated on the representations of the expulsion of Germans from Eastern Europe in recent German television mini-series. These TV movies probe the question of whether Germans can tell stories of their own sufferings in World War II without insulting the memory of all those who suffered at the hands of that same generation of Germans. He investigated moral and narrative complexities of a nation that would present itself simultaneously as perpetrator and victim.

Back to top

2007-2008 Academic Year

The 2007-2008 fellows pursued scholarly projects under the theme “How Do We Keep Knowing?” This broad question allowed exploration of the ways in which knowledge is defined, produced, communicated, hidden, renewed, preserved, studied and in other ways made a part of societies and cultures, present and past.

Lauren Clay, Assistant Professor in the Department of History, explored how the organization, representation, and social meaning of business changed in 18th century France. While scholars have recently approached this issue by examining debates among intellectuals, her work delved into the cultural history of commerce in the urban context, using archival sources to reconstruct legal, social, ceremonial, and cultural interactions. Approaching the commercial revolution as a lived experience, this project investigated the ways urban communities confronted the opportunities and the challenges that accompanied profound economic change.

Leor Halevi, Assistant Professor in the Department of History, focused on commercial relations between Muslims and others. Historians of religion have not studied this topic due to the disciplinary barrier that has kept them from exploring economic matters. Economic historians have written a great deal about it, but they have focused on material exchanges while neglecting Muslim views on forbidden goods and cross-cultural trade. These views are interesting from a religious perspective, especially when they involve complex reasons based on a search for religious knowledge; they are also interesting from an economic perspective, when it can be shown that knowledge of Islamic laws prohibiting the consumption of foreign goods affects economic behavior.

Colleen Murphy, Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy, examined political reconciliation, the process of repairing damaged political relationships which remains one of the most important challenges for societies in transition to democracy. She examined why and in what way the past must be known for reconciliation to be possible in order to develop a theoretical framework for assessing the effectiveness of promoting political reconciliation through alternative ways of defining, preserving, and communicating the past and also to use this theoretical framework to evaluate the effectiveness of truth commissions, criminal trials, and memorials.

Christopher Swift, Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication, studied selected German writings on the relationship between rhetoric and aesthetics. Many scholars of the humanities question the relative instrumentality or constitutivity of language: on the one hand, the extent to which language functions as a tool for communicating knowledge that pre-exists its own expression, and on the other, the extent to which language creates the knowledge that it expresses. The popularity of these questions across disciplines has, however, brought with it a great deal of confusion. By analyzing a tradition of scholarship that more rigorously separates the questions of instrumentality and constitutivity from one another, he sought to help sort out this confusion.

Back to top

2006-2007 Academic Year

The 2006-2007 fellows pursued scholarly projects under the theme “How Do We Keep Knowing?” This broad question allowed exploration of the ways in which knowledge is defined, produced, communicated, hidden, renewed, preserved, studied and in other ways made a part of societies and cultures, present and past.

Katherine Kelly, Associate Professor in the Department of English, investigated a forgotten area of modernist performance – the collaborative efforts of women across national locations, c. 1900-1930, to promote the suffrage cause through the media of suffrage newspaper, demonstrations, and organizations such as the International Woman Suffrage Alliance.

Eric Rothenbuhler, Professor in the Department of Communication, focused on the historical development of radio formats in the 1950s as part of a larger, co-authored book project on The Redefinition of Radio, 1947-1962. As it became industry-wide in the U.S., formatted programming cultivated the audience expectations and listening habits it served, reinforcing the conditions of its own success. This seemingly simple business model, then, participated in reshaping musical culture and imagined social relations.

Diego von Vacano, Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science, examined the problem of race in political theory by looking outside the Western canon. Throughout the Latin American continent the problems that come with racial issues have been debated in much of its intellectual history. They form one of the core issues in Latin American political thought. Hence, by diversifying and internationalizing the canon of political theory, much can be learned about issues that otherwise would not be elucidated by traditional methods and approaches.

Joan Wolf, Assistant Professor in the Women’s Studies Program, explored how knowledge about breastfeeding is produced. Building on a critique of infant feeding studies, she analyzed how breastfeeding research is communicated to the public by journalists and public health professionals. Her particular interest was the way in which these vectors of scientific information frame breastfeeding in ways that resonate with both a more generalized risk preoccupation and an ideology of total motherhood.

Back to top

2005-2006 Academic Year

The 2005-2006 fellows pursued scholarly projects under the theme “Visual Culture and the Humanities.” This theme invited examinations into any aspect of the relationship of images to other forms of human expression and thought. Areas of common interest that were explored included pictorial as opposed to other depictions of history; the ways in which images fill the interstices in language, music, and thought; the centrality of different forms of picture making in human history, society, and culture; and the ways in which the visual relates to the literary, the auditory, the olfactory, and the tactile.

Troy Bickham, Assistant Professor in the Department of History, examined the relationship between “Visual Culture and Virtual Imperialism in Britain, c. 1688-1830.” In particular his project examined the role of visual culture in producing a national imperialism that transcended barriers of class, gender, age, and geography. The project was especially interested in those venues and exhibits which integrated the visual with other sensory experiences to create virtual experiences, enabling Britons at home to participate in shared understandings of key imperial places and events.

Sarah Misemer, Assistant Professor in the Department of Hispanic Studies, focused on the importance of the iconic symbol of the train in the literature of the River Plate in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in “Hacia Adelante, Mirando Para Atras: Ensayos Sobre Literature y Trenes (Moving Forward, Looking Back: Essays on Literature and Trains).” One of the train’s most important legacies for literature and the arts is the particular reordering of space and time that rail travel provoked in the traveler’s spectatorial experience. The train simultaneously epitomizes the notions of linear progress and backward nostalgic glance, as well as modernization and anachronism.

Antonio C. La Pastina, Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication, studied “Constructing Brazil: The Representation of a Nation in U.S. Popular Culture.” The historical relationship between the United States and Brazil is central to this investigation of the process through which images of Brazil were created. His research focused on the representation of the Brazilian body in television and film, and on the connections made between race and gender in tourist imagery.

Lynne Vallone, Professor in the Department of English, conducted her research on “Beyond Innocence: Picturing Death, Disfigurement and Desire in Contemporary Photographs of Children,” which explored art photography of children that challenges conventional fantasies of the child as pure and beautiful. This project also exposed both adult fascinations with children’s bodies and fears of their loss.

Back to top

2004-2005 Academic Year

The 2005-2006 fellows pursued scholarly projects under the theme “Visual Culture and the Humanities.” This theme invited examinations into any aspect of the relationship of images to other forms of human expression and thought. Areas of common interest that were explored included pictorial as opposed to other depictions of history; the ways in which images fill the interstices in language, music, and thought; the centrality of different forms of picture making in human history, society, and culture; and the ways in which the visual relates to the literary, the auditory, the olfactory, and the tactile.

Anthony Mora, Assistant Professor in the Department of History, developed a project entitled “‘The Prestige of Race:’ African Americans, Mexican Americans and Ideologies of Racial Difference in Chicago,” in which he will showed how competing racial ideologies affected the way that African Americans understood and represented their racial position vis-à-vis other racialized groups from 1900 to 1930.

Anne Morey, Assistant Professor in the Department of English, focused on “Consumers for Christ: A History of Religious Filmmaking in the United States.” She integrated the current crop of Christian films into a discussion of Hollywood’s long relationship with its Christian critics and colonizers.

Patricia Phillippy, Associate Professor in the Department of English, looked into “Women in Document and Monument in Early Modern England.” She examined the material conditions of women’s lives and deaths in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century England, based on monumental artworks and the documents attending their construction.

Ralph Schoolcraft, Associate Professor in the Department of Modern and Classical Languages, conducted research on “Visual Propaganda: André Malraux and Politics,” examining Malraux’s uses of visual media for political propaganda from 1930-1969.

Back to top

2003-2004 Academic Year

The 2003-2004 Fellows pursued scholarly projects under the theme “Definitions of Culture.” This theme allowed research on topics ranging from gender and sexuality to primatology, the status of manners to cultural democracy, and more.

Theodore George, Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy, explored “The Quickening of Culture: Kant, Nature, and the Ends of the Human” in which he reconsidered the relation of culture to nature. His research focused on Kant’s interpretation of nature in the Critique of Judgment as an inexhaustible resource that first grants to culture its purposes and, ultimately, its definition.

Melanie Hawthorne, Professor of French in the Department of Modern and Classical Languages, focused on “‘As a Woman, My Country is the Whole World’: National Culture, Gender, and Sexual Identity.” She examined the intersections of gender and sexuality in the construction of national culture through the example of three expatriate women artists and writers based in Paris in the first half of the twentieth century.

Edward Portis, Professor in the Department of Political Science, looked into “Community, Conflict, and Cultural Democracy.” He developed and defended a theory of cultural democracy, focusing on understanding the conditions under which open electoral institutions might enable popular determination and redetermination of the meaning of collective identity.

Larson Powell, Assistant Professor in the Department of Modern and Classical Languages, conducted research on “The Differentiation of Culture,” developing a theoretical framework for studies of media and culture, critiquing culture as “text” or “identity” in favor of a re-linking (or re-opening) of humanities to sociology.

Back to top

2002-2003 Academic Year

The 2002-2003 Fellows pursued scholarly projects under the theme “Definitions of Culture.” This theme allowed research on topics ranging from gender and sexuality to primatology, the status of manners to cultural democracy, and more.

Colin Allen, Professor, Department of Philosophy, explored “What is Culture? Taking a nonhuman perspective,” an examination of the growing attention primatologists are paying to “cultural phenomena” in nonhuman animals. This investigation required a hard look at human culture and asks whether humans are as special as we may think we are.

Mary Ann O’Farrell, Associate Professor, Department of English, looked into “The Force of Manners.” This project was a re-examination and re-definition of the genre “of manners” by weighing the cultural use and status of manners in traditional and non-traditional texts in light of scholarship on the everyday, on race, gender, and ethnicity, and on aesthetics and class.

José P. Villalobos, Assistant Professor, in the Department of Modern and Classical Languages, focused on “Bordering Images: Cultural expression from within la frontera.” His research questioned the usefulness of stereotypes of life on the U.S.-Mexico border that see it as a paradigm for the postmodern condition or as characterized by the lawlessness of narco-culture. The project provided new interpretation of border culture that pays attention to what local artists create and how their cultural products engage with outside renditions of their culture.

Cynthia Werner, Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, conducted research on “Manipulating and Misunderstanding Notions of Central Asian Culture: Local and International Perceptions of Nationalism, Tribalism, and Islam.” She pursued an examination of the ways in which Central Asian culture is understood and used by local residents, who manipulate notions of “traditional” culture while pursuing nationalist programs, and by foreign reporters, who rely on problematic notions of “tribal culture” and “Muslim culture” in their reporting.

Back to top