Academic Year 2017-2018
Cara Wallis is an associate professor in the Department of Communication at Texas A&M University. She draws upon critical and feminist studies of technology to explore the social and cultural implications of emerging media technologies, particularly how everyday uses and understandings of technology are linked to modes of inclusion and exclusion, empowerment and disempowerment. She is the author of Technomobility in China: Young Migrant Women and Mobile Phones (NYU Press, 2013), which is an ethnographic exploration of the use of mobile phones by young rural-to-urban migrant women working in the low-level service sector in Beijing. Her current manuscript (in progress) is an expansive study of how diverse groups in China engage with social media as a space for agency to pursue self-transformation, security (economic, physical, and emotional), individual aesthetics, and personal ethics. These processes and practices in turn speak to larger social, economic, and cultural transformations taking place in China.
Hoi-eun Kim, Associate Professor of History, will write a prosopographical account of Japanese doctors in colonial Korea (1910-1945), whose number increased from 368 in 1910 to 796 in 1930 and ultimately reached 1,194 in 1943. Kim’s cliometrical study of Japanese doctors’ educational and regional backgrounds, subfields of specialization, social and academic networks, and geographical distributions will significantly enhance our understanding of the nature of medical science in the development and management of Japan’s most significant colony. Not only will it overcome a simplistic overgeneralization of Japanese doctors as mere agents of an oppressive empire, it will provide an important case study of a non-western empire, through which a more comprehensive and nuanced discussion on the entangled relations between medicine and empire may begin.
Carmela Garritano is an associate professor of Africana Studies and Film Studies and author of African Video Movies and Global Desires: A Ghanaian History (Ohio University Press), a 2013 Choice Outstanding Academic Title and winner of the African Literature Association Best First Book award. Appearing in 2018 is A Companion to African Cinema (Wiley-Blackwell), which she co-edited with Kenneth W. Harrow. Her research has been supported by Fulbright IIE and the West African Research Association, and her writing has been published, or is forthcoming, in African Studies Review, Black Camera, Cinema Journal, Critical Arts, The Cambridge Journal of Postcolonial Literary Inquiry, and Research in African Literatures, among other places.
Angela Pulley Hudson
Angela Pulley Hudson is a professor in the Department of History, where she joined the faculty after receiving her PhD in American Studies from Yale University in 2007. She has received fellowships and grants from the American Philosophical Society, the American Antiquarian Society, the Newberry Library, and the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, among others. Angela is the author of Real Native Genius: How an Ex-slave and a White Mormon Became Famous Indians (UNC Press, 2015)—winner of the 2016 Evans Biography Prize from the Mountain West Center for Regional Studies—and Creek Paths and Federal Roads: Indians, Settlers, and Slaves and the Making of the American South (UNC Press, 2010).
Academic Year 2016-2017
Carlos Blanton, Associate Professor of History, will work on a project titled, “Between Black and White: The Chicana/o in the American Mind.” This project is a history of how Chicana/o peoples were understood in American intellectual thought from the early nineteenth century through the late twentieth century. Unlike other minorities in the United States, not much academic discourse over Chicana/o history exists. Professor Blanton analyzes four discrete intellectual discourses in U.S. history: 1) a slavery discourse (1840s-1850s) among policy makers and race theorists over the “All Mexico” and filibustering questions during and after the U.S.-Mexico War; 2) a restriction discourse (1890s-1920s) from medical and anthropological scholars focused on immigration; 3) a segregation discourse (1910s-1940s) of educators and psychometricians concerned with school policy; and 4) an assimilation discourse (1930s-1970s) among social scientists interested in culture from an environmentalist perspective. In this project Blanton asks several questions. How have U.S. intellectuals viewed the Chicana/o population in different periods of the nation’s history? To what extent were those ideas connected to contemporary political and cultural debates? To what degree did each discourse build upon older discourses? And how have Chicana/o peoples (or scholars sympathetic to them) contested or modified these notions? Through these questions, Blanton hopes to provide a new intellectual genealogy of racism in the U.S. that goes beyond the Black-White binary. Blanton aims to submit a journal article and a book proposal based on this research.
Anat Geva, Professor of Architecture, will work on a project titled, “Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Architectural Expression: The Case of Modern American Synagogues (1950s-1960s).” The objective of this research is to investigate in depth Mid-Century modern American synagogues that were designed by prominent architects of the 1950s-1960s. The aim is to show to what extent these designs expressed American values of freedom of religion and innovations in aesthetics as well as evolving building technology. Following World War II, there are observable indicators of re-conceptualization in the construction and design of houses of worship in America. Eric Mendelsohn’s article “In the Spirit of our Age” (1947) and his synagogue designs were among the first to reflect this desire. Influenced by Mendelsohn, other prominent architects ventured to bridge modernism and Judaism in their designs of the American synagogue and to link the building to the American landscape and values. These changes reflect perceptions of religious freedom and tolerance as well as influences of the modern architecture movement and innovation in building technology. The case of mid-century modern American synagogues exemplifies how prominent architects of the era embraced these changes to express American values and modernism.
Randall Sumpter, Associate Professor of Communication, will work on a project titled, “Journalism Tradecraft: Writing the Rule Book in the Gilded Age.” This book project offers a new explanation for how the rules for news work were standardized during the last decades of the nineteenth century. Editors and publishers responded to the technical developments and economic conditions by employing poorly paid, inexperience reporters, who would find it easier to produce stories if taught some standardized steps. Professor Sumpter’s research will (a) review these emerging work standards, (b) explain how knowledge brokers (highly experienced reporters and editors with considerable job mobility) spread the standards through communities of journalistic practice (equivalent to a daily paper’s newsroom), (c) show how the same communities developed parallel standards for rule breaking to mitigate abusive employment practices in the absence of a unionized work force, and (d) conclude by examining how new media and new competition at the start of the twenty-first century once more triggered rule writing in an effort to redefine news and the standards for collecting and presenting it. This project represents the first time that the knowledge broker/communities of practice explanation has been used to model the dissemination of news work standards in the late nineteenth century. It also challenges progressive theoretician’s assumptions about the evolution of journalism as a profession.
Nathan Bracher, Professor of International Studies, will work on a project titled, “Ethics and Aesthetics of the World War II Past in the Contemporary French Film and Novel.” This project is an extension of Professor Bracher’s research on the history and memory of France’s twentieth century experience of World War II and the Holocaust. It will focus on a recent series of prominent films and best-selling books that approach the traumatic wartime past in a highly personal mode, thus intertwining the search for family roots, personal identity, and historical meaning. At the same time, these popular cinematic and literary works bring a distinctly twenty-first century perspective to their exploration of the past, and therefore propose a paradigm for defining the present. Plunging back into World War II and the Holocaust, the film Les Heritiers and novels Charlottel and Le Principe link the quandaries of the narrators to those of their protagonists, raising crucial questions of ethics and aesthetics. These twenty-first century works have much to reveal about contemporary society and current developments in historiography. While the notion of a teleologically structured force leading to progress has been widely discredited, these works show culture and private life all the more invested with the presence of the past.
Academic Year 2015-2016
Theresa Morris, Associate Professor of Sociology, will work on a project titled, “Delivering Obamacare: Obstetrical Nursing, Patient Care, and Emotional Labor under the Affordable Care Act.” This project is an interpretive study of the changing nature of interactions, communications, and relationships between nurses and patients in an obstetrical unit of a non-profit community hospital in Connecticut. Like many hospitals, since enactment of the ACA, this hospital has been undergoing rapid organizational change. As mentioned above, the ACA has wide ranging effects on hospitals. For example, in this hospital, a new obstetrical group will begin deliveries at the hospital in March 2015, increasing the annual volume of deliveries by 30 or 25 percent. This analysis contributes to Dr. Morris’ research field because there has yet to be a study on how the ACA has affected the qualitative relationships between nurses and patients. Most research to date examines the impact of the ACA on hospital costs and efficiency. In contrast, this project focuses on nurses’ emotional care of patients in the birthing process and the negotiated meaning of care resulting from changing organizational contexts.
Larry J. Reynolds, Professor of English, will work on a project titled, “Artful History: The Capture of Major André.” This book manuscript will explore the intersection of history, politics, and art in the shaping of the American experience in the early United States. In particular, this project focuses on an iconic event of the Revolutionary War, the October 1780 capture of the British spy Major John André by three American militiamen, who founds the plan to West Point in his boots and foiled Benedict Arnold’s infamous Highland Treason. Throughout the nineteenth century, writers, artists, and historians were drawn to this case as a bellwether for the American experiment in democracy, with its contexts for national identity, its conflicts over class distinctions, and its debates about the “dangerous classes.” Situated at that pivotal moment when two opposing notions of class identity and human worth informed the national imaginary, the representations of André’s capture persistently exposed the difficult struggle of American democracy to establish itself amid the influential systems of value André so dramatically embodied.
Kevin J. Crisman, Associate Professor of Anthropology, will work on a project titled, “The Archaeology of North American Steamboats, 1807-1850.” The creation of practical engines, which could burn fuels and propel vessels across the water, was one of history’s greatest benchmarks. Indeed, it was the beginning of our modern age of globe-spanning transportation systems systems. For the first time ever, humans could rely on mechanical power to transport them over great distances, with speed and punctuality, regardless of winds or currents. Fortunately, a material record of early steam navigation was preserved in the form of steamboats accidentally sunk or intentionally abandoned beneath lakes, rivers, and coastal waters. In addition, a wealth of new information on the development of steam propulsion has been generated by archaeological research, but too much of it languishes in obscure journal articles, excavation reports, theses, and dissertations. Recognizing the need for a publication that combines, examines, and shares discoveries about maritime steam, Dr. Crisman and his co-editor Dr. George Schwarz have embarked upon this major contributed book project, which will include detailed plans and descriptions of vessel and machinery finds, and more importantly, analyses of the technological and social trends which guided the course of North American steam navigation between 1807 and 1850.
Heidi A. Campbell, Associate Professor of Communication, will work on a project titled, “Negotiating Religious Authority in Digital Culture and its Implications for Religious Institutions.” Drawing upon previous research on religious authority and blogging, Dr. Campbell argues the need to uncover the exact challenges that the Internet raises for religious groups by separately studying authority roles, structures, beliefs, and texts online. This project will show how the Internet allows new actors, structures, and discourses of interpretation to emerge via digital platforms and shape offline religious institutions. Through case studies and theoretical reflection, this project will outline the negotiations between online and “traditional” offline religious leaders and systems.
Kristi Sweet, Associate Professor of Philosophy, will work on a project titled, “In the Territory of Judgment: Kant on Beauty.” This book will offer an examination of the myriad ways that Kant’s Critique of Judgment provides insight into the possibility of bringing about a world as it ought to be, as well as be the first text in the Anglo-American literature to bring Kant’s practical concerns to bear on his Critique of Judgment so systematically. A principal theme of the project that forwards this end is the relation of truth, beauty, and goodness. In opposing freedom and nature as he does, Kant is rightly aligned with the modern dissociation of the classical union of these concepts. In seeking to reestablish a bridge between freedom and nature, Kant realigns truth, beauty, and goodness into innovative and interesting reconfigurements. The book will trace these various reconfigurements through Kant’s analyses of natural beauty, artistic beauty, genius, the sublime, the ideal of beauty, organicism, and the concept of life.
Academic Year 2014-2015
Olga Dror is an associate professor in the Department of History. While in residence during the spring 2015 semester, Professor Dror will work on her monograph Raising Vietnamese: Youth Identities in North and South Vietnam during the War (1965-1975). This book considers the war-time problem of preserving Vietnamese identity in a new generation in a country flooded not only with foreign soldiers but also with foreign culture. It also poses a broader question about the importance of identifying who or what was considered an enemy of the Vietnamese. While youth are important for any society, their often unacknowledged role increases when a society is under stress, as it is through their participation in the present that the future is made. Consequently, bringing children into historical analysis is a way to understand what is most important in how adults think of the possibilities of their own lives. Professor Dror’s examination of youth identities during war time Vietnam will fill a significant gap in the pre-existing literature, offering new perspectives on the impact of American culture and the war on Vietnamese national identity.
Susan Egenolf is an associate professor in the Department of English. During her fall 2014 semester residence, Professor Egenolf will complete her monograph Josiah Wedgwood and the Cultivation of Romantic Taste. This book examines the contributions of Josiah Wedgwood, a master potter and entrepreneur, to the construction of late-eighteenth century and early nineteenth century aesthetics, and it argues that Wedgwood’s wares and his methods of marketing them influence the rise of neo-classicism and notions of the picturesque in British literature and art. The argument of this project depends heavily on illuminating the cultural and political contexts of Wedgwood’s life and work by uncovering specific historical details and artifacts related to that work, and this interdisciplinary study employs aesthetic theory, thing theory, gift theory, and art history to frame that argument. In the field of eighteenth century studies, this book will be the first extended study of the symbiotic relationship between Wedgwood’s methods and products and the literary productions of the late eighteen century.
Linda Radzik is a professor in the Department of Philosophy. During her spring 2015 semester residence at the Glasscock Center, Professor Radzik will finish her monograph, titled Moral Bystanders: On the Social Enforcement of Morality, which focuses on a common set of moral problems in order to explore deeper issues about the nature of responsibility and the meaning of community. The problem centers around a particular character—the moral bystander—who witnesses a wrongful act. While the moral bystander judges the act to be wrong, she is neither the perpetrator nor the victim, and she has no authority with regard to the situation. What should she do? What is she permitted to do? What might she be required to do? Using the standard methodology of analytic moral theory, Professor’s Radzik’s work poses a challenge to prevailing views about moral responsibility, and suggests that many of our practices for holding one another responsible are neither well understood nor justified. By considering the justification of informal, social forms of punishment and systematically addressing the role played by third parties to conflicts, this book will contribute in new ways to the literature on the issues that arise in the aftermath of wrongdoing.
Shelley Wachsmann is a professor in the Department of Anthropology. While in residence in the spring 2015 semester, Professor Wachsmann will continue researching and editing a book-length final excavation report on his work at Tantura Lagoon, Israel. This site and its surroundings have been inhabited almost continually for the past 4,000 years, and it has proven to be an ideal environment for shipwreck archaeology of the ancient world. The report, titled Dor/Tantura Lagoon: The Ancient & Medieval History of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea Written in Shipwrecks, will detail the findings of three extensive seasons of underwater exploration in Tantura Lagoon. The book-length report is envisioned as an innovative hybrid excavation report that will include a book linked to an open-access companion website allowing readers to explore the wrecks and artifacts in situ on their computers. This book will contribute significantly to our knowledge of Mediterranean history and archaeology, particularly during the critical period of the mid-first millennium AD
Academic Year 2013-2014
Stefanie Harris, associate professor in the Department of International Studies, will work on her book Developing Stories: Photography in Postwar German Fiction during her fall 2013 residency at the Glasscock Center. This project examines the depiction of photography and photographic practices in German and Austrian literature to show the interrelation of media practices, literary aesthetics, and the representation of social and individual memory. Following a theoretical introduction, the book is structured chronologically, grouping authors according to the privileged site of the photographic triad: the subject of the photograph, the photographer, and the viewer of the photograph. Rather than a survey of post-war fiction that takes up photography thematically, the temporal framework Harris employs serves to situate the aesthetic, formal, and theoretical concerns of successive generations of writers within specific socio-political contexts. The project engages critical questions defining the field of contemporary German studies: the construction of personal and national identity, the problem of historiography, and the relationship between literature and other media. Although these areas are usually explored individually, Professor Harris’ work shows how these questions are in fact intimately connected. Although the book will focus almost exclusively on German and Austrian fiction of the postwar era, this interdisciplinary study will make a significant contribution to understanding how images shape cultural awareness and the narrative construction of social histories and national identity.
Nancy Klein, associate professor in the Department of Architecture, conducts research on “Sacred Architecture on the Acropolis of Athens” during her residency in spring 2014. Her research project examines the pre-classical architecture of the Acropolis of Athens, Greece, and its role in defining religious identity and constructed memory both in the past and present. Our modern view of the Acropolis is focused on the temple of Athena Parthenos, built under the leadership of the Athenian statesman Pericles in the fifth century BC. In the early nineteenth century AD, the fledgling country of Greece devoted itself to establishing a national identity that reflected its classical heritage. The Acropolis of Athens was central to this vision and became a symbol of the birthplace of democracy and the humanistic arts. This constructed identity served Greece; however, it also eclipses thousands of years of human activity before and after the Parthenon. In the nineteenth century, efforts to free the classical monuments of the Acropolis from the overburden of later history saw the removal of many post-classical buildings and an excavation from modern ground levels to bedrock, which also resulted in the discovery of thousands of fragments of architecture, sculpture, pottery, and small finds from the early history of the Acropolis. Although earlier scholars examined architectural elements and assigned them to distinct structures, they published a small percentage of the extant elements, illustrated even fewer, and rarely considered larger questions about architecture and social identity. Dr. Klein has examined hundreds of blocks and fragments and made detailed observations on the characteristics of each one, which allows her to answer questions not only about individual buildings, but also about the development of monumental architecture in the service of religious faith and the history of the sanctuary on the Acropolis. Klein’s preliminary conclusions indicate that the rebuilding of the Acropolis by Pericles was also an expression of constructed memory. The classical replacements of damaged or redundant buildings can be seen as “counter-iconoclasm” because they supplanted the standing ruins, they replaced what was no longer completely present, and ultimately suppressed the memory of the damage done to the sanctuary. But the display of architectural elements from temples destroyed by the Persians in the north wall of the Acropolis overlooking the city was intended to serve as “the imprint or drawing in us of things felt,” a definition of memory offered by Aristotle, and as a rallying point for prosecuting the war against the Persians and subsequently rebuilding the Acropolis.
Brian McAllister Linn is a professor in the Department of History. He will be in residence at the Glasscock Center during the fall 2013 semester. Professor Linn will pursue the research topic “From Davy Crockett to GI Blues: Elvis Meets the Atomic Army,” culminating in the first scholarly monograph on the US Army’s social and military “transformation” in the early Cold War. The book, Elvis’s Army: Creating the Atomic Soldier, under contract with Harvard University Press, connects traditional military history with the humanities’ focus on social-cultural factors, while exploring two major questions. The first is how the Army responded to the post-World War II national defense environment, and in particular to the challenges of nuclear weapons, international commitments, personnel turbulence, and the Soviet military threat. The second question is why and how the Army became the “school of the nation,” teaching not only military skills, but also providing educational and technical skills that would improve GI’s lives once they left the service. Elvis Presley’s life provides a prime example through which to interrogate these questions, as he personified both military and social transformation processes. Professor Linn’s research is an innovative and unique effort to combine military and social history that will have important implications for both fields.
Wendy Leo Moore is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology. She will be in residence during the spring 2014 semester. Professor Moore will examine the premise of a post-civil rights formal equality, the emergence of a radically transformed legal structure. The still-existing deep structural racial inequality present in the United States has sparked a multitude of discussions and debates, all underpinned by one consistent theme: the post-civil rights era is a new legal era characterized by “formal legal equality.” This ideology suggests that legal changes occurring in the late 1950s and 1960s fundamentally transformed the United States legal structure—altering it from one that legally sanctioned racial inequality to one that provided equality under the law for all individuals regardless of race. Through a critical discourse and frame analysis of the Supreme Court’s case law on race and racial (in)equality, Moore’s work examines the racialized narratives and legal frames of the Court in connection to structural racial inequality. Informed by both the theoretical interventions in race scholarship and methods of critical discourse analysis emerging from the work of social theorist Michel Foucault, her method of analysis connects race discourse and the racial structure. Her research illuminates the process by which the United States Supreme Court has facilitated the legal maintenance of white domination. Interdisciplinary in character, this research combines critical race theory, literary theory, critical legal studies and social scientific research on racial hierarchy to illuminate the process of what legal scholar Kimberle Crenshaw has called racial retrenchment in the post-civil rights era. Through this process Moore both challenges contemporary assumptions about formal legal equality and provides a new frame for interrogating the role of law in the reproduction of racial inequality in a democratic society.
For any inquiries about Internal Faculty Fellows Archives dating 2002-2013, please contact the Glasscock Center.